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Nursing Care in Newborns

New Born care requires a series of q they will help overcome the neonatal transition period . In this age can avoid a very high percentage of pathologies, not only discoveries, but trying to treat any disease connate . This should receive the necessary care , teaching essential standards of childcare to parents, and q in a very important neonatal disease will be caused by a misapplication or ignorance of the rules.

Assistance in the delivery room

It includes breath control , prevention of cooling , tying the umbilical cord, eye prophylaxis , and prophylaxis to the trend q has the bleeding neonate.

Respiration and Temperature

In the Newborn normal the start breathing quickly, sometimes takes place and must perform a series of technical q triggers. For example, long been a stream of alcohol poured on his chest Newborn and reacted immediately, but ran the risk of cooling , you can also take a few blows to the buttocks or the soles of the feet. With a sterile towel to clean the face and oropharyngeal secretions are aspirated , 1 in the mouth and suck , then in the nostrils to see the probe entering choanal patency . In cesarean births gastric aspirate should be performed , because the discharge is much larger and has aspired q insurance . The regulates temperature keeping the child as hot as possible ( in cribs thermal ). q Always have a party we should check the crib is q in all the necessary materials :

– laryngo -light with battery
– endotracheal tube 2-4
– Check working properly aspiration q
– also check the oxygen uptake
– bagging in perfect condition, and keep connected to the oxygen

Cord Ligation

As a rule , the cord should be tied to the minutes of life. It must cut 4 cm above the surface of the abdomen. Once connected, is covered with a sterile brush with antiseptic solution and never use iodine, because it can give a false positive blood test for hypothyroidism. After a few days and has a clear necrosis in 4-10 days , although sometimes it happens later.

Eye Care

q There is no risk of infection. To do this you must use eye drops ( aureomycin ) after cleansing with saline.

Prophylaxis of haemorrhagic disease

New Born, past the first 12 hours will have a deficit of coagulation factors are vitamin k q dependent. Will have a long prothrombin time , as q increases the risk of bleeding. q There are prevented by the administration of 1 mg of vitamin k injection or orally ( 2 mg) . Clinical examination of the newborn at birth We observe the physical integrity and value the child’s overall condition . q To do what we do is q APGAR test.

Newborn Identification

Very important. The error has entered the penal code and has been punished severely . Formerly it was a footprint of the newborn and the mother’s fingers . The main q is used today is the bracelet in the newborn and the mother where the name and surname of the mother and the date of birth.
Newborn care in hospital

The healthy newborn must be located in a newborn unit pathological. You must have good natural light , ambient temperature of 24 º C. Cots must have 3m2 around to facilitate handling.


Benefits of iron for health



The iron is a very important mineral for the human body as it participates in the production of hemoglobin, the main component of red blood cells, also contributes to the formation of muscle proteins and metabolizing enzymes in the body. We now know what the benefits of iron for health are and what the most important sources of that nutrient are.

Benefits of iron:

The main benefits of iron to our health include:

  • Helps treat and prevent anemia.
  • Its use reduces the risk of suffering from fatigue and weakness.
  • Strengthens the immune system.
  • Helps tone the skin.
  • Improved airway.
  • Promotes proper growth and development of the organism at different stages.
  • Sharpen mental abilities.
  • Increases body energy levels.
  • Promotes sleep and prevent insomnia.
  • Helps prevent learning disabilities in children.
  • In schoolchildren, taking supplements ferrous improves concentration.
  • Strengthens nails.
  • Reduces the risk of contracting infectious diseases.
  • The daily intake of iron supplements during the menstrual period relieves the discomforts of this event.

Role of iron in human nutrition:

Iron is one essential nutrient that is released oxygen, or energy, through all the cells of the body and to remove carbon dioxide. The body absorbs it in different ways according to their needs, thus strengthening their defenses and keeps the body energized and the mind fresh. It is therefore very important to keep a diet that ensures the daily doses required.


Benefits of protein for health


Protein is an essential element in the human diet because ingestion of these cells provides an adequate supply of amino acids. Cells use these chemical units as raw material for the formation of new protein, which are essential for growth, restoration and replacement of various body tissues such as bone, muscle, etc. Proteins are also necessary for the stimulation of chemical reactions necessary to produce accurate energy generated by muscle contraction and other cellular activities.

What foods are rich in protein?

This has always been a question that has generated debate among people. Both animal foods are containing vegetable proteins. The truth is that the needs recommended daily dietary protein varies between individuals, being a factor of age and weight. A curious fact, most western people eat almost twice the values established due to the large existing supply of fresh food and cheap, especially those made with meat.

There is an issue about protein supplements that has always been debated among experts in nutrition and is the one concerning whether the meat is the best source of protein. Meat contains all the basic amino acids in proportions similar to those required by the human body, and at the same time, is rich in vitamins and minerals. The problem with meat is that it also contains saturated fats which increase significantly the risk of cardiac-type diseases. A person who wants to maintain a balanced diet should provide the body daily 100 to 150 grams of meat.

Protein bars are considered to be the healthier alternative to various nutritional products available on the market. These protein bars consist of hemp protein, rice protein and dairy proteins. Proteins of animal origin are also known as complete proteins, and are characterized by containing basic amino acids that the body can not produce. Among the most common sources of complete proteins include meat, poultry, fish, eggs and dairy products.

Vegetable proteins are known as partially complete proteins because these lack one or more basic amino acids. However, those who do not eat meat, fish or dairy products can supply the lack of any amino acid with the consumption of a variety of such proteins. Among the most common include dry peas, beans, nuts, grain cereals and bread.


Drink Water


Your body is estimated to be about 60 to 70 percent water. Blood is mostly water, and your muscles, lungs, and brain all contain a lot of water. You need water to regulate body temperature and to provide the means for nutrients to travel to your organs and tissues. Water also transports oxygen to your cells, removes waste, and protects your joints and organs.

Some experts believe you can estimate the amount of water you need by taking your weight in pounds and dividing that number in half. That gives you the number of ounces you may want to drink each day. For example, if you weigh 160 pounds, you might want to drink at least 80 ounces of water or otherfluids per day. Other factors include amount of physical activity and the climate where you are located. My water calculator can help you determine how much water you need to drink each day.

At least twenty percent of the water you need comes from the foods you eat. The rest comes from the beverages you drink. Water is probably the best choice because it's cheap and has no calories or added ingredients. Sweetened soft drinks and sodas have added sugar that adds extra calories. Sports drinks contain minerals that may help keep your electrolytes in balance, but look out for added sugar and calories that you may not want. Fruit and vegetable juices are good because they have vitamins and minerals (read labels, however -- vegetable juices may be high in sodium). Caffeinated beverages like tea and coffee count too, but too much caffeine can make you feel jittery.

10 reason to drink warter

  •  Water is absolutely essential to the human body’s survival. A person can live for about a month without food, but only about a week without water.
  • Water helps to maintain healthy body weight by increasing metabolism and regulating appetite.
  • Water leads to increased energy levels. The most common cause of daytime fatigue is actually mild dehydration.
  • Drinking adequate amounts of water can decrease the risk of certain types of cancers, including colon cancer, bladder cancer, and breast cancer.
  • For a majority of sufferers, drinking water can significantly reduce joint and/or back pain.
  • Water leads to overall greater health by flushing out wastes and bacteria that can cause disease.
  • Water can prevent and alleviate headaches.
  • Water naturally moisturizes skin and ensures proper cellular formation underneath layers of skin to give it a healthy, glowing appearance.
  • Water aids in the digestion process and prevents constipation.
  • Water is the primary mode of transportation for all nutrients in the body and is essential for proper circulation.

Avoid SODA

8 Ways Soda Fizzles Your Health...

We would wager money that many of you are “doing the dew” or “doing what tastes right” this very moment. Before you take another gulp from your soft drink can, here are 8 facts about soda to consider that may drastically affect the quality of your health.

pH of Soda = pH of Vinegar
For one, soda, no matter who makes it, is the most acidic beverage you can buy, with a pH of about 2.5, about the same as vinegar. Why does that matter? Acid oxidizes whatever it comes in contact with. If you put soda or vinegar on metal, it will rust it quickly. Check out this
table of acid levels of your favorite sodas.

Drink Soda, Leach Calcium
If you drink soda, which also contains high levels of phosphorous, you will leach calcium from your bones. Dr. Michael Murray from the Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine concluded, “It appears that increased soft drink consumption is a major factor that contributes to osteoporosis.” Furthermore, Dr. Elson Haas, author of The Detox Diet states, “Tooth loss, periodontal disease, and gingivitis can be problems, especially with a high phosphorus intake, particularly from soft drinks.”

Soda Will Dissolve your Tooth Enamel
Weak bones is just the beginning. According to Dr. James Howenstein. author of A Physician’s Guide to Natural Health Products That Work, the high sugar content of soda is awful. He states, “”In an interesting experiment the sugar from one soft drink was able to damage the white blood cells’ ability to ingest and kill bacteria for seven hours.” Dr. Marion Nestle from his book Food Politics states, “Sugar and acid in soft drinks so easily dissolve tooth enamel.”

Each Additional Soda Increases Risk for Obesity by 1.6 times
So now we’ve got weak bones, weakened immune system, and dissolving teeth. What’s next? Weight gain! Dr. Nestle also concluded, “The relationship between soft drink consumption and body weight is so strong that researchers calculate that for each additional soda consumed, the risk of obesity increases 1.6 times.”

Children Who Drink Soda Break Bones More Easily
Our children aren’t safe, either. Dr. Nestle states, “Adolescents who consume soft drinks display a risk of bone fractures three to four-fold higher than those who do not.” Dr. William Duffy from the Naval Research Institute states, “The high sugar hides the acid. Children little realize they are drinking this strange mixture of phosphoric acid, sugar, caffeine, coloring, and flavoring matter.” Greg Critser from his book Fat Land: How Americans Became the Fattest People in the World states: “A joint study by Harvard University and Boston Children’s Hospital researchers in February 2001 concluded that such excess liquid calories inhibited the ability of older children to compensate at mealtime, leading to caloric imbalance and, in time, obesity.”


Diet Soda Isn’t Any Better
For those of you with a diet soda in your hands, the news isn’t any better, in fact it’s worse! Carol Simontacchi from her book The Crazy Makers: How the Food Industry Is Destroying Our Brains and Harming Our Children states, “One liter of an aspartame-sweetened beverage can produce about fifty-six milligrams of methanol. When several of these beverages are consumed in a short period of time (one day, perhaps), as much as two hundred fifty milligrams of methanol are dumped into the bloodstream, or thirty-two times the EPA limit.” So, you’re poisoning your body, too.

And when it comes to saccharin, which is a noncaloric petroleum derivative estimated to be three hundred to five hundred times sweeter than sugar: “More than a dozen animal tests over the last thirty years have demonstrated the carcinogenic effects of saccharin in the bladder and other sites, particularly female reproductive organs, and in some instances at doses as low as the equivalent of one to two bottles of diet pop daily.”

With diet soda, you’ve gone from high calories to poisonous levels of methanal and an increased chance of developing cancer. Not a very good trade.

Could Caffeine Jeopardize the Human Race?

Then there’s the caffeine. Jean Carper from her book Food: Your Miracle Medicine : How Food Can Prevent and Cure over 100 Symptoms and Problems states, “tests at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine by Roland R. Griffiths, MD, show caffeine withdrawal can strike people who drink a single cup of strongly brewed coffee or drink caffeinated soft drinks everyday. Further, Dr. Griffiths discovered that caffeine-withdrawal symptoms include not only headache, but also fatigue, mild depression, muscle pain and stiffness, flu-like feelings, nausea and vomiting. And for women: “Those consuming at least one cup of a caffeine-containing beverage per day, such as coffee, tea or soft drinks, were more prone to PMS. And the more caffeine they consumed, the more severe their PMS symptoms.”
 

 

Caffeine causes withdrawal with symptoms mimicking a flu and for women it makes PMS even worse. But could caffeine really jeopardize the future of the human race? Yes! “A study on the relationship between caffeine and fertility found that… just one caffeinated soft drink per day was associated with a reduced monthly chance of conception of 50 percent.”

If All That Wasn’t Enough Watch Out for a Asthma and a Rash
And finally there’s the preservative used in soda. Dr. Marcia Zimmerman, author of The A.D.D. Nutrition Solution : A Drug-Free 30 Day Plan states, “Sodium benzoate Sodium benzoate is used as a preservative (microbial control) in foods, including soft drinks, fruit juices, margarine, confections, pickles, and jams. Sodium preservatives add sodium to the diet and reduce the availability of potassium. Some reported reactions to sodium benzoate include recurring urticaria (rash), asthma, and eczema.”

Still Drinking that Soda…..?
Hard to believe that so much mayhem can come from a little can or bottle, but there is absolutely nothing good or redeemable about soda. The sooner you can remove it from your diet, the better. If the FDA were doing its job, it wouldn’t be allowed on the market. If you care about your health and the quality of your life, put the Mountain Dew down!

Around 65 percent of Americans drink alcohol, with 52 percent consuming a minimum of 12 drinks per year, according to 2009 National Center for Health Statistics data. Alcohol, like numerous other dietary substances, has both positive and negative effects, depending on how much you drink and whether you're pregnant. Moderate alcohol intake, which equals one drink daily for non-pregnant women and for both sexes over age 60 and two drinks daily for men, might have health benefits. The risks of excessive alcohol intake outweigh the benefits, especially if you're trying to lose weight.

Health Benefits

The health benefits of moderate alcohol intake include a 25 percent to 40 percent reduction in the risk of heart disease complications such as stroke or heart attack, according to the Harvard School of Public Health. Alcohol can raise high-density lipoprotein levels, the "good" type of cholesterol, and decrease the risk of diabetes. If you're dieting for health reasons, knowing that being overweight increases your risk of these diseases, a moderate alcohol intake might be worth the calorie expenditure. Moderate alcohol intake also can reduce stress, a benefit to stress-eaters, and might reduce your risk of developing gallstones, another factor often related to being overweight.

Health Risks

Alcohol can increase the risk of developing some disorders, such as hemorrhagic stroke and breast cancer in pre-menopausal women. Having two or more drinks per day increases a woman's risk as much as 41 percent, the Harvard School of Public Health reports. Heavy drinking also can damage your liver and your heart. Alcohol in pregnancy can not only damage your unborn child, but also can replace the nutrition your baby needs with empty calories. Do not drink alcohol if you know or think you might be pregnant.

Psychological Effects

Alcohol can impair your judgment, which opens the door to making poor dietary choices that can sabotage your diet. If you develop an addiction to alcohol, like 18.3 million other Americans, you might find yourself consuming more and more calories from alcohol, which can lead to poor health regardless of whether you're dieting.

Nutritional Effects

Alcohol consists of simple sugars, which supply energy but have no other beneficial nutrients. While a 4 oz. glass of red wine contains only 95 calories and a 12 oz. glass of beer 110 calories, a mixed drink like a margarita contains 550 calories. A few mixed drinks could blow nearly your entire calorie budget if you're on a 1,200-calorie diet. People who routinely drink too much alcohol often develop nutritional deficiencies because alcohol blocks the absorption of vitamins such as folic acid.

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